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Depending on pO2 and exposure time hyperoxic breathing gas may cause injury in many organs including the lungs. Pulmonary oxygen toxicity (POT) may be asymptomatic, but will initially present as a tracheobronchitis in symptomatic subjects. A number of objective measurements of POT have been investigated, but the decrement in vital capacity (VC) has remained the most accepted outcome measure. The unit pulmonary toxic dose (UPTD) has been established as the most common exposure index for POT in diving. UPTD is calculated based on the pO2 and exposure time. A literature search identified five models predicting POT, but no model would accurately predict VC change for ..
Background: In the current study, we investigated the effect of atmospheric pressure change on the microtensile bond strength of direct and indirect composite restorations to the teeth. Materials and Methods: A total of 16 extracted teeth were prepared after crown cutting and randomly divided into four groups. The study groups included: 1) direct restoration (Filtek™ Z250 Universal Composite Restorative System, 3M, United States) at constant pressure (control); 2) direct restoration in variable pressure; 3) indirect restoration (Z250 composite) at constant pressure (control); and 4) indirect restoration at variable pressure. Then, samples were subjected to thermal cycles. Variable pressure groups were pressurized to ..
Introduction: This is the first study to examine population medication prescription rates among U.S. submariners by common therapeutic classifications. Methods: Individual-level pharmacy records during the years 2007 to 2018 were extracted from the Military Health System’s Pharmacy Data Transaction Service (PDTS) file. Demographic and military factors captured from Navy personnel files were linked to PDTS records. Logistic regression models were used to identify characteristics and trends associated with prevalence. Published total rates for other active-duty components were compared to submariner rates. Results: There were data for 50,720 submariners, among whom 576,782 prescriptions were filled. Prevalence rates decreased significantly from 2007-2018 among most drug classes. ..
We tested the hypothesis that thermal discomfort will be greater, mood will be worse, and physical symptoms of heat illness will be exacerbated with elevations in dry bulb temperature during exposure to >95% relative humidity disabled pressurized rescue module simulation. On three occasions, 15 healthy males (23 ± 3 years) sat in 32.1 ± 0.1°C, 33.1 ± 0.2°C or 35.0 ± 0.1°C, and 95 ± 2% relative humidity normobaric environments for eight hours. Thermal discomfort (visual analog scale), mood (profile of mood states), and physical symptoms of heat illness, ear-nose-throat, and muscle discomfort (environmental symptoms questionnaire) were assessed before and following each hour of exposure. Thermal discomfort was greater ..
Purpose: In a disabled submarine scenario, a pressurized rescue module (PRM) may be deployed to rescue survivors. If the PRM were to become disabled, conditions could become hot and humid exposing the occupants to heat stress. We tested the hypothesis that the rise in core temperature and fluid loss from sweating would increase with rising dry bulb temperature. Methods: Twelve males (age 22 ± 3 years; height 179 ± 7 cm; mass 77.4 ± 8.3 kg) completed this study. On three occasions, subjects were exposed to high humidity and either 28-, 32-, or 35˚C for six hours in a dry hyperbaric chamber ..
Arsenic (As) is a toxic substance that damages the human body through exposure to drinking water. This exposure damages many organs and tissues in the body, especially the liver and kidneys. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy is a treatment method that acts by reducing oxidative stress parameters in tissues with high-pressure oxygen. Based on this, our study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of HBO2 on liver and kidney tissues with chronic arsenic toxicity. In the study 24 male Wistar albino rats (220-300 g, two to three months old) were equally divided into four groups: Control; As; HBO2; and As+HBO2. All ..
Introduction: Several causes can lead to carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication. A first-line treatment option for such intoxications is hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) therapy. The COVID-19 pandemic has been changing everyday life in Germany since March 2020, mainly caused by statutory provisions. Our aim was to review whether these changes have an influence on the causes and frequency for the development of CO intoxication. 10.22462/07.08.2022.7 Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients who were treated for CO intoxication in our institution between April 2019 and March 2021. Besides demographic data, we compared the overall number and documented causes for each CO intoxication in ..
Purpose: The aim of our study is to investigate the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy on retinal layers in healthy eyes. Method: Thirty patients who were taken to outpatient HBO2 for any indication were included in the study. All patients underwent 10 sessions of HBO2; 20 healthy patients were taken as the control group. We used the spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) to obtain automated measurements of thickness for each retinal layer – i.e., the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), inner nuclear layer (INL), outer plexiform layer (OPL), outer nuclear layer (ONL) and ..
Introduction: We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of a standardized hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy protocol in patients with retinal artery occlusion (RAO). Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in our tertiary care center from July 2016 to September 2019. Patients experiencing central RAO and branch RAO for less than seven days were included. Once the diagnosis was made, patients were urgently referred to the HBO2 department to receive a first 90-minute HBO2 session at a pressure of 2.5 ATA. Patients underwent two daily sessions seven days a week for at least 15 days. If no reperfusion was seen on fluorescein ..
Background: Early recompression therapy is suggested for a better clinical outcome of decompression sickness (DCS) patients. This study analyzed the efficacy of our 24-hour on-call system for early recompression therapy. Methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective cohort study. They were classified into DCS Type I versus Type II, duty time versus non-duty time groups based on the time of emergency department (ED) admission, and hospitalization versus discharge groups according to clinical outcomes. Baseline characteristics, diving variables, and in-hospital course were analyzed. Results: This study investigated 341 acute DCS patients. A total of 81 and 260 patients had Type I and Type II DCS, respectively. ..
Objective: Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) is used in several clinical and research fields. This study aimed to analyze the 100 most-cited hyperbaric-related publications of the past 10 years to understand the trends in HBO2 research. Methods: This was a literature review. All publication and citation data were retrieved from the Scopus database. Publications with “hyperbaric oxygen,” “hyperbaric oxygenation,” “HBO,” and “HBOT” in the title, abstract, or keywords published between January 01, 2011, and December 31, 2020, were enrolled. The 100 most-cited HBO2-focused publications were identified, and their publication title, authors’ nationality, publication journal, year, type (original or review), and application field were recorded ..
Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a relatively rare emergent condition of the eye resulting in sudden painless vision loss. This vision loss is usually dramatic and permanent, and the prognosis for visual recovery is poor. A wide variety of treatment modalities have been tried over the last 100 years with little to no success, with the exception of hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The optimum number of treatments will vary depending on the severity and duration of the patient’s symptoms and the degree of response to treatment. The majority of patients will stabilize within a few days after symptom onset. ..
We said farewell and thank you to two giants in dive medicine this year: Dr. Peter Bennett and Dr. Claes Lundgren. They leave the proverbial big shoes for us to fill – and a wealth of good works and fond memories. 10.22462/07.08.2022.13